Rafael de Fermín joined Nokia in 2016, when Alcatel-Lucent was acquired. In Alcatel and Alcatel-Lucent, Rafael was been involved in several responsibilities, while living in the UK, the US, Belgium and Spain. In August 2013, he was appointed to lead the IP / Optics Networks Group in Europe & MEA, and is now in charge of all Nokia’s business for those technologies in the region. Prior to this position, Rafael led the Global Customer Delivery and Presales teams for the same regional scope. Before that, he spent five years working for the Access Business Division in Alcatel, in charge of the Regional Support Centers for different geographies (including Europe, Middle East, Africa, India and Latin America).